COMMONLY USED HOSPITAL SOFTWARES
Some of the commonly used software’s in hospitals for digital maintenance of records:
- Patient Administration System (PAS)
- Operating Theatre Management System
- Laboratory Information Management System
- Booking Management System
- Appointment Management System
- Hospital Costing System
Patient Administration Systems (often abbreviated to PAS) developed out of the automation of administrative paperwork in healthcare organizations, particularly hospitals, and are one of the core components of a hospital‘s IT infrastructure. The PAS records the patient‘s demographics (e.g. name, home address, date of birth) and details all patient contact with the hospital, both outpatient and inpatient.
PAS systems are often criticized for providing only administrative functionality to hospitals; however attempts to provide more clinical and operational functionality have often been expensive failures
PAS Systems provide a number of core essential functions to hospitals:
- Master Patient Index
- Appointment Booking
- Waiting List Management
- Record of Patient Activity
- Activity Returns/Billing
Operating Theatre Management System
Operating room management is the science of how to run an Operating Room Suite. Operational operating room management focuses on maximizing operational efficiency at the facility, i.e. to maximize the number of surgical cases that can be done on a given day while minimizing the required resources and related costs. For example, what is the number of required anesthetists or the scrub nurses that are needed next week to accommodate the expected workload or how can we minimize the cost of drugs used in the Operating Room? Strategic operating room management deals with long-term decision-making. For example, is it profitable to add two additional rooms to the existing facility? Typically, operating room management in profit-oriented health-care systems (e.g. United States) emphasizes strategic thinking whereas in countries with publicly funded health care (e.g. the UK), the focus is on operational decisions.
The act of coordinating and running all parts of a surgical suite to accomplish a defined set of goals. An emerging field, operating room management is increasingly studied as how to best:
1) Ensure patient safety and optimal patient outcome,
2) provide surgeons with appropriate access to the OR so that patients can have operations in a timely manner,
3) maximize the efficiency of operating room utilization, staff, and materials,
4) decrease patient delays,
5) Enhance satisfaction among patients, staff, and physicians.
Laboratory Information Management System
A Laboratory information management system (LIMS), sometimes referred to as a laboratory information system (LIS) or laboratory management system (LMS), is a software-based laboratory and information management system with features that support a modern laboratory’s operations. Key features include — but are not limited to — workflow and data tracking support, flexible architecture, and data exchange interfaces, which fully “support its use in regulated environments.” The features and uses of a LIMS have evolved over the years from simple sample tracking to an enterprise resource planning tool that manages multiple aspects of laboratory informatics.