Leadership by Sneha

LEADERSHIP

Leadership has been a major of interest for social scientist. They studied how important it was for every huge organization or small one. Nowadays, Leadership has become a course to study in universities. “Today it is quite different. Leadership is on the agenda in a big way. Books on the subject are streaming on to the market; top industrialists are hailed as great leaders alongside the great military and political leaders of the age and leadership ‘gurus’ have emerged from academic obscurity.”(Philip Sadler,1930,Leadership). This assignment will go in deep in leadership and define it, state how it is different with management, State some leadership qualities and some styles.

The leadership is the capacity or ability to lead. There are a lot of definition of leadership but all leads to the same meaning, how much capacity leader have to lead. Leadership is very important nowadays than before, because of the fast generation that growing and the new ideas and industrial work need that. Moreover, having ideas and interest is not enough, to make things happens effectively leader has to bring people together and help them together to achieve their common goals. Leading is not managing. There are difference between leadership and management. To simple the differences between leader and manager is saying that leader is doing things right in thinking and get information of it, but manger doing right things that depend on rules he follow.

Many would say that there are some people born leaders. However, becoming a great leader need only some commitment and efforts. Here there some characters to know about the great leaders. First, do not stop learning. Leaders always learn from even their followers.  Learning a lot about the field of work, how to improve themselves and their team. Second, listen more than talk. To make the best decision, leaders listen to everybody in their work environment.

They don’t just give orders. Third, they are looking in many vision. Great leader’s vision is so sharp. They are looking their organization where it has been, where is now, and where it is going. They learn from every situation. Fourth, they never transfer their responsibilities. They accept the good and bad consequences for their decision and leadership. Fifth, Demanding excellence, but allowing mistakes. Effective leaders encourage people to grow and make the challenging to be better. Leaders allow mistake from their followers and help them to avoid and improve themselves. Sixth, They create opportunities for their followers to learn, grow, and keep improving. They are making sure that everyone can succeed in and out job.

There are some characteristics and skills that successful leaders have. Effective leaders must develop trust to their people. They listen to their people a plenty of time, and communicate with them openly and honestly. they build the trust in every meet and in many ways. Also, leaders are motivators. They inspire the believes of peoples to give them the confidence of themselves. Encouraging people is a way of that also. Indeed, leaders are always supportive. They support their followers to approach their willing and hopes. They support to take their rights. They develop team strength and support their weakness. Then, Successful leaders know the direction of their way. They plan and prepare for future, not only for todays. They provide clear direction for staff to go throw. They give them a picture on how and where and when to do. They take a feed back of every job to improve it and success.

In conclusion, Leadership is very important because of the need to handle and improve great gobs. A successful leader whose always learning, listing more than giving orders, responsible, supportive, motivate, and honesty.

Leadership Functions:

Following are the important functions of a leader:

  1. Setting Goals:

A leader is expected to perform creative function of laying out goals and policies to persuade the subordinates to work with zeal and confidence.

  1. Organizing:

The second function of a leader is to create and shape the organization on scientific lines by assigning roles appropriate to individual abilities with the view to make its various components to operate sensitively towards the achievement of enterprise goals.

  1. Initiating Action:

The next function of a leader is to take the initiative in all matters of interest to the group. He should not depend upon others for decision and judgment. He should float new ideas and his decisions should reflect original thinking.

  1. Co-Ordination:

A leader has to reconcile the interests of the individual members of the group with that of the organization. He has to ensure voluntary co-operation from the group in realizing the common objectives.

  1. Direction and Motivation:

It is the primary function of a leader to guide and direct his group and motivate people to do their best in the achievement of desired goals, he should build up confidence and zeal in the work group.

  1. Link between Management and Workers:

A leader works as a necessary link between the management and the workers. He interprets the policies and programmes of the management to his subordinates and represents the subordinates’ interests before the management. He can prove effective only when he can act as the true guardian of the interests of his subordinates.

Qualities of a Good Leader:

A successful leader secures desired behavior from his followers. It depends upon the quality of leadership he is able to provide. A leader to be effective must possess certain basic qualities. A number of authors have mentioned different qualities which a person should possess to be a good leader.

Some of the qualities of a good leader are as follows:

  1. Good personality.
  2. Emotional stability.
  3. Sound education and professional competence.
  4. Initiatives and creative thinking.
  5. Sense of purpose and responsibility.
  6. Ability to guide and teach.
  7. Good understanding and sound judgment.
  8. Communicating skill.
  9. Sociable.
  10. Objective and flexible approach.
  11. Honesty and integrity of character.
  12. Self confidence, diligence and industry.
  13. Courage to accept responsibility

Concepts of Leadership

I used to think that running an organization was equivalent to conducting a symphony orchestra. But I don’t think that’s quite it; it’s more like jazz. There is more improvisation. — Warren Bennis

Good leaders are made, not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience (Jago, 1982). This guide will help you through the journey.

To inspire your workers into higher levels of teamwork, there are certain things you must be, know, and, do. These do not often come naturally, but are acquired through continual work and study. Good leaders are continually working and studying to improve their leadership skills; they are NOT resting on their past laurels.
What are Different Leadership Styles?
We have covered 12 different types of ways people tend to lead organizations or other people. Not all of these styles would deem fit for all kind of situations, you can read them through to see which one fits right to your company or situation.

1. Autocratic Leadership

Autocratic leadership style is centered on the boss. In this leadership the leader holds all authority and responsibility. In this leadership, leaders make decisions on their own without consulting subordinates. They reach decisions, communicate them to subordinates and expect prompt implementation. Autocratic work environment does normally have little or no flexibility.

In this kind of leadership, guidelines, procedures and policies are all natural additions of an autocratic leader. Statistically, there are very few situations that can actually support autocratic leadership.

Some of the leaders that support this kind of leadership include: Albert J Dunlap (Sunbeam Corporation) and Donald Trump (Trump Organization) among others.

2. Democratic Leadership

In this leadership style, subordinates are involved in making decisions. Unlike autocratic, this headship is centered on subordinates’ contributions. The democratic leader holds final responsibility, but he or she is known to delegate authority to other people, who determine work projects.The most unique feature of this leadership is that communication is active upward and downward. With respect to statistics, democratic leadership is one of the most preferred leadership, and it entails the following: fairness, competence, creativity, courage, intelligence and honesty.

3. Strategic Leadership Style

Strategic leadership is one that involves a leader who is essentially the head of an organization. The strategic leader is not limited to those at the top of the organization. It is geared to a wider audience at all levels who want to create a high performance life, team or organization.

The strategic leader fills the gap between the need for new possibility and the need for practicality by providing a prescriptive set of habits.  An effective strategic leadership delivers the goods in terms of what an organization naturally expects from its leadership in times of change. 55% of this leadership normally involves strategic thinking.

4. Transformational Leadership

Unlike other leadership styles, transformational leadership is all about initiating change in organizations, groups, oneself and others.

Transformational leaders motivate others to do more than they originally intended and often even more than they thought possible. They set more challenging expectations and typically achieve higher performance.

Statistically, transformational leadership tends to have more committed and satisfied followers. This is mainly so because transformational leaders empower followers.

5. Team Leadership

Team leadership involves the creation of a vivid picture of its future, where it is heading and what it will stand for. The vision inspires and provides a strong sense of purpose and direction.

Team leadership is about working with the hearts and minds of all those involved. It also recognizes that teamwork may not always involve trusting cooperative relationships. The most challenging aspect of this leadership is whether or not it will succeed. According to Harvard Business Review, team leadership may fail because of poor leadership qualities.

6. Cross-Cultural Leadership

This form of leadership normally exists where there are various cultures in the society. This leadership has also industrialized as a way to recognize front runners who work in the contemporary globalized market.

Organizations, particularly international ones require leaders who can effectively adjust their leadership to work in different environs. Most of the leaderships observed in the United States are cross-cultural because of the different cultures that live and work there.

7.FacilitativeLeadership

Facilitative leadership is too dependent on measurements and outcomes – not a skill, although it takes much skill to master. The effectiveness of a group is directly related to the efficacy of its process. If the group is high functioning, the facilitative leader uses a light hand on the process.

On the other hand, if the group is low functioning, the facilitative leader will be more directives in helping the group run its process. An effective facilitative leadership involves monitoring of group dynamics, offering process suggestions and interventions to help the group stay on track.

8. Laissez-faire Leadership

Laissez-faire leadership gives authority to employees. According to azcentral, departments or subordinates are allowed to work as they choose with minimal or no interference. According to research, this kind of leadership has been consistently found to be the least satisfying and least effective management style.

9. Transactional Leadership

This is a leadership that maintains or continues the status quo. It is also the leadership that involves an exchange process, whereby followers get immediate, tangible rewards for carrying out the leader’s orders. Transactional leadership can sound rather basic, with its focus on exchange.

Being clear, focusing on expectations, giving feedback are all important leadership skills. According to Boundless.com, transactional leadership behaviors can include: clarifying what is expected of followers’ performance; explaining how to meet such expectations; and allocating rewards that are contingent on meeting objectives.

10. Coaching Leadership

Coaching leadership involves teaching and supervising followers. A coaching leader is highly operational in setting where results/ performance require improvement. Basically, in this kind of leadership, followers are helped to improve their skills. Coaching leadership does the following: motivates followers, inspires followers and encourages followers.

11. Charismatic Leadership

In this leadership, the charismatic leader manifests his or her revolutionary power. Charisma does not mean sheer behavioral change. It actually involves a transformation of followers’ values and beliefs.

Therefore, this distinguishes a charismatic leader from a simply populist leader who may affect attitudes towards specific objects, but who is not prepared as the charismatic leader is, to transform the underlying normative orientation that structures specific attitudes.

12. Visionary Leadership

This form of leadership involves leaders who recognize that the methods, steps and processes of leadership are all obtained with and through people. Most great and successful leaders have the aspects of vision in them.

However, those who are highly visionary are the ones considered to be exhibiting visionary leadership. Outstanding leaders will always transform their visions into realities.